The book of Zechariah was written by the prophet Zechariah during the
reign of King Darius of Persia in about 520 B.C. It is
comprised of ten different visions of the end times; fasting; and
specific prophecies about the first and second comings of
Zechariah 1:7-17 describes Zechariah's vision of four horses (red,
brown, and white) and their riders under myrtle trees. One of
riders on a red horse (a picture of war) was the angel of the
Lord. The riders of the other horses are the gentile nations
have fought wars throughout the centuries. These gentile
were at peace at the time of Zechariah, and this would have been a good
time for the Israelites to rebuild their temple, but the ruling gentile
nations didn't share Israel's concern. So, God is displeased
these gentile nations. In the end times, however, things will
made right during the Christ's reign of his earthly kingdom.
Zechariah 1:18-19 prophesies about gentile ruler (a horn), and the four
gentile world powers of Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and
In Zechariah 1:20-21, Zechariah prophesies about four
This is likely a reference to the four horsemen of the Apocalypse which
will bring severe judgments of war, famine, the beast, and pestilence
Zechariah 2 is a prophesy about a man with a measuring line.
measuring of the temple and of the city of Jerusalem indicates that God
is preparing to make another drastic move. The city of
would be rebuilt in Zechariah's time, but this is a double-prophesy
because the city of Jerusalem will also be restored in the end times
for the earthly kingdom which Christ will reign. The nations
come to Jerusalem to worship.
Zechariah 3:1-7 prophesies about Joshua and Satan. This is a
prediction that Satan will try to destroy the nation of Israel, but it
will be rescued. In order for Israel to be able to contend
Satan, it will need to have the righteousness of Christ imputed to
In Zechariah 3:8-10, the prophesy is of Christ portrays Him as a
servant. Upon His first coming, Israel rejected Him, but at
second coming, they will accept and receive Him.
Zechariah 4 is a prophecy of the lampstand and the two olive
trees. The lampstand is Christ, the light of the
two olive trees are something new that has been added. In
Zechariah's time, these are Zerubbabel and Joshua, but the final
fulfillment of this prophesy occurs in Revelation 11:3-12.
oil is the power of the Holy Spirit, and the headstone is
Zerubbabel will be given the power to finish the building of the
temple, and it will be an occasion for great joy.
A flying scroll is prophesied in Zechariah 5:1-4. This scroll
the Word of God, and it represents the Ten Commandments. God
judge those who violate His commandments. The first four
commandments cover the relationship between God and man, and the last
six commandments cover the relationships among men.
Zechariah 5:5-11 is a prophesy of the woman in the ephah. An
ephah is a bushel, a measure of grain, and this indicates that the
bushel is full of sin, and God must judge it. The woman in
bushel represents evil, and the man of sin is represented by
wickedness. Two winged women carry the woman in the bushel to
Babylon. Israel's great sin was idolatry, and Babylon is the
center of idolatry. Israel's sin of idolatry is to be
and returned to its proper home in Babylon. Then Babylon will
judged for its sin.
Zechariah 6 is a prophesy of the four chariots. These are the
four angels who execute the judgment of God upon the gentile
nations. After this judgment, Christ will return in His
coming, and He will set up his earthly kingdom.
Zechariah 7 - 8 answers the people's question about whether or not they
should continue their ritual of fasting. God's first answer,
Zechariah 7:4-7, is that when one's heart is right, then he should
fast. His second answer, in Zechariah 7:8-14, is that when
heart is not right, he should not fast. God's third answer,
Zechariah 8, is that God's purpose is unchanged by whether or not the
people fast, or by any other ritual. God doesn't
Regardless of the people and their rituals, God's purpose remains that
Jerusalem will be the religious and political capital of the world
during Christ's earthly kingdom; God's people will live in Jerusalem;
the people will keep His commandments; and, God's feasts will once
again be observed.
Coming of Christ
Zechariah 9 - 11 prophesies about Christ's first coming.
was betrayed and rejected as king, and he became the sacrificial
lamb. The nation of Israel was scattered into all the various
nations around the world. In spite of the claims of many
prophets, God will re-gather them. In the end times, the
Antichrist will appear as a false shepherd.
Coming of Christ
In Zechariah 12 - 14, Zechariah prophesies about Christ's second and
final coming. Jerusalem will continue to be an irritant to
enemies of Israel, as it is today. In the end times, all of
enemy nations will march against Jerusalem, but Christ will liberate
the city of Jerusalem from its final siege and he will destroy all of
those enemy nations.
Christ will be known and recognized by all by the nail scars in His
hands. A true day of atonement will occur. Israel
finally recognize Christ as their Messiah, and they will turn to His
redemption Christ for salvation. The false prophets and his
followers will be defeated, and this will end all of the false religion
of the world.
Jerusalem will somehow become a seaport, with a new waterway stretching
to it all the way from the sea. Israel will become the land
milk and honey. The enemies of God will suffer a living
death. The people of the earth will go to Jerusalem to
the Feast of Tabernacles. Every man will live safely in his
home. The whole earth will be holy.