The Trinity is a core doctrine of Christianity, but
also a complex one. Although the Bible never uses this term explicitly,
evidences of the Trinity can be seen throughout the
scriptures. The Trinity
refers to the three members of the godhead: God, the Father;
God, the Son; and, God, the Holy Spirit. Although God is one
in essence, He is three in persons. This is a difficult
concept for both believers and unbelievers to grasp, but we will
attempt to simplify this doctrine through logical deduction and proof
What is the Trinity?
The Attributes of God
In order to understand the Trinity, we must recognize
the attributes of God, or what must be true about God in order for Him
to truly be God. Scriptures reveal the following truths
concerning the attributes of God:
We can therefore deduce that any person who possesses
all these attributes is indeed God.
- God is a Spirit (John 4:24).
- God is life (John 5:26).
- God is self-existent (Exodus 3:14).
- God is infinite (Psalms 145:3).
- God is immutable (James 1:17).
- God is truth (John 17:3).
- God is love (1 John 4:8).
- God is eternal (Psalms 90:2).
- God is holy (1 Peter 1:16).
- God is omnipresent (Psalms 139:8).
- God is omniscient (Psalms 147:4-5).
- God is omnipotent (Matthew 19:26).
Scripture also reveals that there is only one God
(Romans 3:30). This question usually arises in any discussion
of the Trinity, but the Bible here states explicitly
that there is only one essence who is God.
The doctrine of the Trinity states that God is a godhead of multiple
persons in one essence. (Genesis 1:26, 3:22, 11:7). This is why these scriptures
refer to God in the plural. Unfortunately, this is also
why some choose to argue that there are multiple gods.
If we are to establish that God is one essence in
a Trinity of three persons, then we must be able to show that each of
those three members of the Trinity is indeed a person. Again,
scripture verifies this as follows:
God the Father is a person (John 14:23); Jesus is a
person (John 14:23); and, The Holy Spirit is a person (John 14:16-17).
The natural argument against the Trinity would be that
the three persons of the Trinity are
all the same person, but they're not. Again,
according to scripture, God the Father
and Jesus are two distinct persons (Psalms 2:7, Isaiah 7:14,
Matthew 28:19, John 14:23); God the Father and the Holy
Spirit are two distinct persons (Psalms 104:3, Matthew 28:19,
John 14:16-17); and, Jesus and the Holy Spirit are two distinct
persons (Matthew 3:16-17), Matthew 28:19, John 14:16-17).
Three Members of the Godhead
Finally, if we are to establish that these three
persons of the Trinity are each indeed members of the godhead, then we
must also be able to show that each of these three is indeed God. Again,
the Bible verifies this for us:
God the Father is God (1 Corinthians 8:6);
Jesus is God (Isaiah 9:6); and,
The Holy Spirit is God. (John 14:26).
God is indeed a Trinity of three persons in one essence.
Owen Weber 2008