The book of Lamentations records Jeremiah's sorrow for Jerusalem after it was destroyed, and he invites everyone to share in his sorrow. He recalls that the reason for its destruction was the disobedience of the people in turning from the true God to pagan Gods.

Jeremiah recalls God's anger against Israel, and the consequences. Jerusalem had been transformed from a city of prosperity into a place of poverty. As the people mourn for their losses, their enemies taunt them. However, Jeremiah notes that the destruction of Jerusalem was not a total destruction, but this was due only to the mercy and faithfulness of god. Finally, Jeremiah pleads with God to remember the nation of Israel.