Haggai prophesied during the second year of the reign of King Darius in
about 520 B.C.
Israel had just returned to their land following their 70 years of exile in
Babylonian captivity. They realized that their disobedience
was resulting in discipline from God. Haggai challenges Israel to
reconsider her actions that have resulted in a conflict of interest
with God, and he commands them to rebuild their destroyed
temple. If they would do so, God would be pleased and glorified.
In response to Haggai's challenges, the people obey and indeed do begin
the reconstruction of the temple. As a result, their efforts
receive confirmation from God.
The people are discouraged as they realize that the second temple is quite
inferior to the first one. However, in contrast, God is quite pleased with their obedience.
Haggai explained that even after returning to their land and rebuilding the
temple, the people were not being true to God in their
hearts. As a result, God judged them because their hearts remained
unchanged. However, now in their obedience, God would bless them by His grace.
Haggai prophesied that, in the end times, the Gentile nations would lose their
power, and wars would come to an end. God's purpose would be
realized in The Day of the Lord, through the bloodline of David. Jesus
Christ would ultimately rule the earth upon the throne of David.