I Go to Heaven?
Life After Death
Most of us would say that we want to go to heaven
when we die,
but what does a person really experience after physical death?
When such questions go unanswered, there is considerable and
justifiable cause for fear in the mind of the average person.
Monumental consequences ride upon the answers, and the Bible is the
only source of truth in this matter.
To begin understanding life after death (and heaven),
we must first know what
physical death is, and what it isn't, because misconceptions on this
matter are widespread. Death is neither the end of one's existence, nor
temporary unconsciousness. Death does not signify the end of one's body
forever, and it does not imply that one's good works will be weighed
against his bad works in order to determine his destiny.
Death means separation, and physical death is the separation of the
body from the soul (the real person). The Bible views the
body as simply a tent for the soul (Genesis 35:18). At death,
the body is temporarily placed in a grave, until it is resurrected (1
Thessalonians 4:14). This is true for both Christians and unbelievers
(Revelation 20:12-13). At death, the soul and spirit of a Christian
enter heaven and enjoy peace (2 Corinthians 5:8), but the soul of an
unbeliever enters a place called Hades, or Torments, which is a
terrible place of pain and sorrow (Luke 16:22).
The bodies of both believers and unbelievers will eventually be
reunited with the soul. The Christian's body will be reunited
with his soul in heaven, and the unbeliever in the lake of fire (Acts
26:8). A human being is eternal in body and soul, and
physical death is only a temporary interruption. Most
importantly, where that body and soul will spend eternity, is
determined in this life on earth, prior to physical death (Hebrews
While the matter of physical death can bring terror to us, there is
another factor which is even more frightening. All of us face
two deaths: physical death, and spiritual death.
Remembering that death means separation, spiritual death means
separation from God, even while one is physically alive. Everyone is
born into the human race spiritually dead, because we inherit a sin
nature (Ephesians 2:1). To experience physical death while one is in
state of spiritual death, will result in what the Bible calls the
second death, and that person will spend eternity in the lake of fire
(Revelation 20:15). Therefore, spiritual death brings a much
greater tragedy than mere physical death, and a destiny that cannot be
reversed after physical death.
Separation From God
Since we are all born spiritually dead, we are born separated from
God. A spiritual wall separates us from God. On one
side of this wall is spiritual death which dooms us to the lake of
fire, and on the other side is spiritual life which results in our
eternal destiny of joy in heaven. All types of people remain
on the spiritual death side, including moral, immoral, and religious
people. Unless a person crosses to the other side of the
wall, they are doomed to terror for eternity, regardless of their moral
or religious character (Hebrews 10:31). Furthermore, we
humans are incapable of crossing into spiritual life. How
then can we go to heaven? The answer is that God must
intervene for us.
This spiritual wall separating us from God could be said to contain
five distinct barriers, each representing a distinct problem requiring
a solution if we are ever able to be united with God in
Therefore, the wall between God and man has been removed by God
himself. Now, how does a sinner cross from spiritual death into
spiritual life? He does this by trusting in Jesus Christ as his
personal savior. We simply place our faith in Jesus Christ, abandoning
our feeble good works as a basis for entering heaven, and trusting the
work of Christ on the cross for that basis (Romans 3:21). We
simply receive Him as our Savior, in an act of faith (Ephesians
is not accomplished by our works, but
rather by receiving it as a gift from God when we trust in Christ as
savior (John 3:16). It is therefore impossible to be saved based upon
our works (Romans 4:4-5). Salvation is by grace alone. It is
by all of God's doing, and none of man's. We must not try to
add anything to God's grace. Those who do so may think they are going
to heaven, but they're not (Matthew 7:21-23).
- The Problem - Enslavement to Sin
- Our personal sins have enslaved us to a slave market of sin (Romans
- The Solution - Redemption -
The solution for the problem of enslavement to sin is to be
redeemed from that slave market. This was accomplished by the
death of Jesus on the cross, which removed the barrier of our personal
(1 Peter 1:18-19).The guilt of our sins is forgiven due to the
payment, which was totally provided by Jesus, to redeem us out of the
slave market of sin (Mark 15:37-38).
- The Problem - Spiritual Death - We are all born
spiritually dead, as
the penalty for our sin nature (Romans 6:23).
- The Solution - Atonement - How
can a dead person solve the problem of his own death? The
answer again is that Jesus accomplished this with His death on the
cross. He died spiritually on the cross in our behalf
- The Problem: Works - Man's righteousness falls
God's standards (Isaiah 64:6).God is perfect, and He cannot allow
His heaven. However, there is nothing that we can do that would
merit eternal life from God (Romans 4:5). We cannot produce the good
which is required to go to heaven. It must come from outside
- The Solution - Justification - Jesus again
accomplished this for us
by imputing His perfect righteousness to us (2 Corinthians 5:21). His
was credited to our account.
- The Problem - Justice - God
is perfect justice, so He must punish sin. In order to
let us into heaven, He must be satisfied regarding our sin, without
compromising His holy character. However, again, we have
nothing with which to pay for our sins. How then can we meet
the justice of God which demands that since we have sinned, we must pay
for it. The required payment is spiritual death, but since we
are already spiritually dead, how can we die spiritually to pay for our
sins? We cannot pay it.
- The Solution - Propitiation
Again, the solution was provided by God. Jesus paid the
penalty for our sins with His spiritual and physical death, so God's
divine justice was satisfied. This is the heart of the gospel
(the good news), that God is satisfied concerning our sins (1 John 2:2,
- The Problem - Position in Adam -
Since we were all in the loins of Adam, God rightly holds us as
responsible for Adam's sin as Adam was (Romans 5:12, 1 Corinthians
- The Solution - Position in Christ -
Again God solved this problem for us in His grace.
He said that if we trust in His Son as our savior, we will receive the
of the Holy Spirit, and be removed from position in Adam, and placed
into position in Christ (1 Corinthians 12:13), and thereby given
eternal life in heaven (1 Corinthians 15:22).
God declares us righteous, and our salvation is certain. If
it were based on our deeds, it would not be certain, but since it is by
God's grace through faith, it is absolute and forever (Romans 4:16).
Once we're saved, we will never lose that (eternal) salvation (John
The Bottom Line
In order to go to heaven, you must: know that you've sinned (Romans
3:23) and that your sin condemns you (Romans 6:23), and believe in
Jesus Christ as your Savior (John 3:16).
Owen Weber 2008