Adam - Lewis Sperry Chafer
In Lewis Sperry Chafer's Systematic
Theology, he notes that, in God's
eyes, humanity is represented by two men. The first Adam
represents the race fallen and all those who are lost in him.
The Last Adam, Jesus Christ, represents a new creation redeemed in
Him. It is critical that Christians understand the
distinctions between these two headships.
The Old Testament offers a historical perspective of the first
Adam. He was directly created by God, he was tempted, and he
fell into sin, taking all of his progeny with him. Adam was
created as a full-grown mature man. He gave names to all if
God' creatures as they passed before him. He walked and
talked with God, and of God said that His creation of Adam was very
The New Testament teaches about Adam and Christ as a contrasting
typology as type and antitype. Each of them is the head of a creation
of beings. In Romans 5:12-21, God sees Adam as representing
disobedience, and Christ as representing obedience. Humanity
is divided into two classifications. Those who are in Adam
are lost, while those in Christ are eternally saved.
God warned Adam about sin, and when he sinned in the Garden of Eden, he
died spiritually (immediately), and he died physically
(eventually). All of his descendants (virtually all of
humanity) died with him, both spiritually and physically, because they
were all in his loins. The result was that every human
subsequently born had a sin nature (the flesh) which results in
spiritual death, and this sin nature is inherited by every child
through his parent. Adam's sin also resulted in imputed sin
with its penalty of physical death, and this imputed sin is transmitted
immediately from Adam to each individual member of his race. A person
dies physically because he shared in the original sin which resulted in
death. This is because Adam was the natural head in creation
and he represented the entire human race. In this position of
headship, Adam contained the whole human race, and his sin was imputed
to all of his posterity, along with its penalty of physical
death. As a result, every human who is born is subject to
physical death because it's as though they have already sinned, even
before they commit their first willful personal sin (Rom.
5:14). In other words, when Adam sinned, the whole human race
sinned, and they would all suffer physical death.
1 Corinthians 15:22 says, "For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all
will be made alive."
Because of Adam's sin, we all are destined to die--both believers and
unbelievers. However, this verse is not saying that both
believers and unbelievers will be made alive in Christ. It is
saying that all of those "in Christ" (believers) will be made
alive. According to the following verses (23-24), every man
will be raised in his own classification. So, those who are
in Christ by position will have eternal life with God; i.e., those
"that are Christ's at his coming" (verse 23).
1 Corinthians 15:45 tells us that Adam was made a life-receiving soul;
however, in contrast, Christ is a life-giving Spirit. While
Adam was "of the earth," the Second Man is Jesus Christ.
Although the believer was of the earth, he is appointed to a destiny in
the heavenly realm. He will be conformed to the image of
Christ (Romans 8:29). 1 Timothy 2:13-14 says that Adam,
unlike Eve, was not deceived in his transgression. Adam
sinned knowingly and willfully. Romans 5:14 refers to those
who, because of immaturity and incompetency, have not knowingly and
willfully committed personal sins themselves. In Jude 1:14,
Enoch is said to be the "seventh from Adam," as throughout the entire
Bible Adam is recognized for a living man, the beginning of the human
race. In the genealogy of Christ in Luke, Christ is traced
back to Adam who, it is said, was the son of God (Luke 3:38).
Christ Himself upholds the Genesis record with respect to Adam and Eve
(Matthew 19:4-6, Mark 10:6-8).
Owen Weber 2012